What do the world's largest landfills look like. Landfills in Russia: statistics of the largest, the largest landfill
What the world's largest landfills look like
The problem of storing and disposing of waste is becoming more and more acute as the number of earthlings grows. Some countries are successfully coping with this task. In Switzerland, for example, people sort their garbage right from birth, their system has been in place for a long time. Meanwhile, the whole world is concerned with the construction of sanitary landfills, which from a bird's eye view look quite interesting. Let's look at some of them.When flying over different countries you always have a curiosity about the local landscape. Sometimes you can not even assume that some beautiful area can be a place to live.
West New Territories Landfill, Hong Kong - 110 ha
Hong Kong is one of the most developed countries in the world, but it produces huge amounts of garbage.
Most of this trash ends up in the West New Territories landfill, which covers an area of 110 hectares.
It is the largest landfill in Hong Kong and is operated by the French company Suez Environment.
However, there is a positive thing - the management company produces gas and electricity from waste.
It is noted that although this is the largest, but far from the only garbage dump in Hong Kong.
Every day up to 14,000 tons of garbage are delivered to Hong Kong's landfills.
Deonar landfill, Mumbai, India - 132 ha
India produces about 60 million tons of garbage each year.
Of this volume, the city of Mumbai accounts for 2.7 million tons.
The Deonar landfill, which covers 132 hectares, is located in the eastern suburbs of Mumbai.
It is the oldest landfill in India, formed by the British back in 1927.
The landfill receives up to 8,000 tons of waste daily
Pointe Hills in California, USA
Our last stop in America is California and the Puente Hills landfill, which covers an area of almost 280 hectares. Over 1.5 thousand trucks daily dump waste there. On average, the amount of garbage in the landfill increases by 10 thousand tons per day. Here the highest mountain of garbage reaches 150 meters.
Newton County Landfill in Newton County, Indiana, USA - 162 hectares
This is a huge landfill in the U.S. state of Indiana, which covers an area of 162 hectares.
This landfill serves nearly 300 households and business centers.
It is estimated that the landfill will continue to accept trash for the next 20 years, leading to an increase in its area.
At the moment, attempts are being made to modernize the disposal of incoming garbage and reduce the level of unpleasant odors.
Dumps New Delhi, India - 202 ha
The Indian city of New Delhi produces about 9,200 tons of garbage daily.
This waste is distributed to three landfills - Narela Bawana, Bhalswa, Okhla and Ghazipur.
The total area of these dumps reaches 128 hectares.
With the exception of the newly formed Narela Bawana, the other dumpsites are very old and have long since been worked out.
At the Bhalswa landfill, for example, the piles are already 41 meters high. Nevertheless, the landfill is still in operation, and more and more garbage is being brought in.
In 2013, an additional 74 hectares of land near New Delhi was allocated for garbage storage.
Thus, to date, the total area of landfills in the city is 202 hectares.
Hawaiian Archipelago, Pacific Ocean
Here we have reached the largest landfill on the planet, located in the north of the Pacific Ocean, an uninhabited archipelago, an area of 6 thousand square kilometers. The waste is dominated by plastic, with the waste decomposing releasing toxins extremely dangerous to all life.
Fresh Kills, USA
Another human creation, the Fresh Kills landfill in America, rivals the Chinese Wall in size. Today it is also closed, they are trying to clean and level the area, but its size continues to be astonishing.
Opened in 1948, over time it exceeded the height of the Statue of Liberty by as much as 25 meters. There were about 13,000 tons of household and industrial waste delivered by barges per day to the landfill.
Accra, Republic of Ghana
Everyone knows that throwing out electronic devices in conventional landfills is not allowed, it is even forbidden by the laws of most countries. There are collection points, etc. However, old equipment from America, Japan, European countries ends up at the Agbogbloshi landfill in Accra.
And it does not get to Ghana in a mystical way, but through all sorts of customs tricks - under the guise of humanitarian aid and used goods. The situation is aggravated by attempts by local residents to extract non-ferrous metals from devices, which they do unprofessionally, and dangerous toxins get into the environment.
Chittangog is not really a landfill, but rather a graveyard of old ships that is officially called a ship recycling center. In fact, it is a place where thousands of workers (locals) do dismantling for minimal pay, and none of them have heard of health and safety and the environment. Waste lead, engine oil all remain on the shore.
Agbogbloshi - the largest electronics dump in the world
The largest place for recycling machinery is the garbage dump in Ghana (Africa). It is located near the capital of the republic - Accra in a wetland area with fields. Before entering Agbobloshi there is a large market, where 50% of the sold products are various devices and components. Further away is a field, which is exactly where the African garbage dump is. Every year here brings at least 200 thousand waste. The vast majority comes from the territories of Europe and North America.
Agboblosha is home to 40,000 settlers, for whom the electronics dump in Ghana is a source of income. The residents are engaged in mining of metals and alloys from the devices, the increased income by local standards brings the delivery of aluminum and copper. teenagers aged 10-17 years work here, they earn up to 10 cedis per day (in terms of American currency is about 3.5 dollars). This dump, is no exception and constantly burns. Because of the constant burning of harmful materials, the concentration of lead, arsenic, mercury fumes exceeded the air.
Part of the e-waste in Ghana is recycled by incineration, a method that extracts the required metals and destroys the plastic elements. The largest e-waste dump in the world is Agboblosi. Environmental damage is not the only negative impact that e-waste creates: Ghana is a country in which living standards are reduced by deteriorating working conditions. Hazardous substances poison the body of local residents through the respiratory system, they often complain of insomnia, migraines, nausea attacks. Garbage g
There are several dozen landfills and storage sites for technical waste in Russia. Modern electronics dumps in Russia are located far away from cities, because the legal requirements for compliance with environmental standards are quite stringent.
One of the large facilities is a computer junkyard in the city of Penza, where defective and broken devices of the retailer "Eldorado" are disposed of. The hangar occupies an area of 5000 square meters. Here devices are brought even from remote regions of the country. If you wish, you can choose the equipment and buy it. People are interested in repairable devices. At the electronic device junkyard you can get what you want at a discount of 90% from the original price. Repaired items are also available here: for such devices the discount will be 50-70%.
In the Russian Federation, there are places where you can buy Soviet electronics from dumps and landfills. Sellers get the items for free, and then sell them after repairing serious damage and, if necessary, removing cosmetic flaws.
Malagrotta landfill, Italy - 275 hectares
This landfill is considered to be the largest in the European Union, with about 4,000 tons of garbage brought here daily.
The landfill was illegal until 1984, but since 1984 it was given legal status.
Here, as in other developed countries, they try to use garbage in a useful way. In particular, they produce electricity and biofuel from it.
Why, at the end of the tour, did we look at Great Britain, because there are no giant landfills there? Simply, the amount of waste in Foggy Albion that is generated per year is twice as much as the annual volume of garbage of all eurozone countries.
Here are eight of the world's largest landfills, which are a great source of environmental damage.
Probably many have seen the Disney animated film "WALL-E" and remember how our empty planet turned into a dump looked like. We leave cartoons to children, but we, adults, should think about whether this story is prophetic and whether everything will end as well as in the cartoon. In confirmation, we offer you a tour of the countries, but we will consider not the attractions, but landfills. Perhaps this tour is not the most pleasant, but educational and instructive. So, 8 large dumps in the world.
Landfill in New York, USA
Continuing our trip through the "trash places" in the U.S., we stop at the landfill in New York, which opened not so long ago, in 2001, but has already earned a reputation as a major landfill. Over 10,000 tons of waste are shipped to it daily. The landfill can "boast" a 25-meter-high mountain of trash.
Guatemala Landfill - 283 hectares
This landfill is considered the largest in Central America.
500 tons of garbage are brought here every day.
This is a small volume compared to other landfills, and it is due to the fact that Guatemalans are not too concerned about garbage disposal and simply throw it directly into the street.
Everything that can be thrown away is dumped in this landfill, and therefore it poses a serious threat to the health of thousands of people who live right on its border.
At the same time, the landfill is also a source of income, as many residents dig through the garbage in an attempt to find something of value.
Laogang Landfill, Shanghai, China - 336 ha
It is the largest landfill in China and serves the world's most populous city, Shanghai.
However, this landfill is also an example of sensible waste management.
Here they collect methane, which is usually generated by all open dumps, and process it into electricity.
In total, 102 MW of energy is generated, which provides electricity to about 100,000 households in the county.
Bordo Poniente Landfill, Mexico City, Mexico - 375 ha
Mexico City is one of the most populous metropolitan areas on the planet, and it is logical that one of the largest landfills in the world is located in the vicinity of this city.
This landfill was closed in 2011. Prior to its closure, it received about 15,000 tons of waste daily.
In addition, the landfill fed entire families - people came here in search of valuables.
However, after the closure of the landfill, these families lost their source of income.
The country's authorities were planning to build a waste recycling plant, but so far things are going very slowly.
Apex Regional Landfill, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA - 890 ha
This dump is located on the outskirts of Las Vegas.
It contains 5 million tons of trash and is the largest landfill in the U.S. in terms of the amount of trash it receives each day.
Las Vegas and the suburbs produce about 10,500 tons of trash every day, and it is this trash that goes to the Apex Regional landfill.
The landfill is operated by Republic Services, which opened in 1993.
This is the largest landfill in the United States.
The Great Pacific Garbage Patch - 6,000 sq. km
The landfill, located in an archipelago off the Hawaiian Islands, is the largest landfill on our planet: it covers about 6,000 km² (600,000 ha).
Mostly plastic is dumped here, and the toxins that are released from the decomposing waste poison both humans and animals.
Mostly marine life suffers from the huge dumping site: dolphins, whales and other animals.
The archipelago is incompatible with the life of any living organism, yet for many people who come here in search of something useful, it is the only source of income.
Vesti.Ekonomika Media News2
Guiyu landfill - 5,300 hectares
This place is known to the world as the largest e-waste dump in the world. China is the largest importer of e-waste.
About a million tons of e-waste a year are imported here, mostly from the United States, Canada, Japan, and South Korea.
Guiyu began to bring e-waste to Guiyu in 1995.
It is currently estimated that about 150,000 workers handle trash from the more than 100 trucks unloaded daily.
Guiyu is deservedly nicknamed the electronic cemetery.
The biggest landfills in Russia
With the development of civilization, mankind has produced an incredible amount of waste, which is stored in authorized and unauthorized landfills. The largest number of landfills is concentrated in the Moscow, Perm, Volgograd and Sverdlovsk regions of Russia. Mountains of waste decompose in the open air, poisoning the air, soil and water. Some waste is buried and some is incinerated. Landfills take over millions of hectares of land that could be used as farmland or for residential development. Fertile lands are dying out
The use of plastic and other synthetic materials leads to the fact that the decomposition of garbage is slow: it takes hundreds or thousands of years to decompose completely. The problem of recycling is acute and the continued existence of the planet may depend on its solution.
Salarevo settlement, Russia
You don't have to go far to see how gigantic a landfill can become. Located in the village of Salarevo is a large mountain covered with sparse vegetation. However, this is not a natural relief of the Moscow region, but a landfill mothballed in 2007.
At the beginning of 60-х In the early years it was a regular ravine, where they gradually began to take garbage from the capital and nearby settlements. Over time, the garbage mountain reached a height of 80 meters, with an area of just under 60 hectares, and then it was closed.
Facts about the Salarevo landfill
1The landfill was formed in the 1960s, when garbage began to be dumped into a ravine near Salarevo.
On April 21, 2007, the landfill was closed.
3The landfill area is 59 hectares, 70-80 meters high, 15 million tons of waste.
4In 2009, the waste was covered with geosynthetic and waterproofing materials, and the top was covered with soil. 50 wells were placed to drain gases from decomposition, and a drainage collector was built for the leachate. The zone reclamation project was developed in August 2007 by the Research Institute for Urban Planning by order of GUP Mosekostroy.
5Construction work at the Salarevo metro station has caused a large amount of toxic substance to come to the surface of the ground - leachate from the decomposition of garbage.
6Proposals with measures to solve the environmental problem were sent to Moscow Mayor Sergei Sobyanin, as well as for consideration by the environmental commission of the Moscow City Duma. According to the results of an inspection carried out in 2014, some elements of the entire cleaning system were not functioning due to uncontrolled economic activities of commercial organizations nearby. It is planned to re-cultivate the landfill in 2018, after which a park may be established in the future.
The official statement of Vladimir Zhidkin, the head of the Department of Development of New Territories of the capital
"The reclamation of the solid waste landfill in Salaryevo village will begin in 2018.
Earlier Marat Khusnullin, Deputy Mayor of Moscow for Town Planning Policy and Construction, stated that the landfill had been conserved for many years. In 2009 it was hidden under a special canvas which prevented decomposition products from reaching the surface. According to M. Khusnullin, the landfill will be re-examined, the slopes will be strengthened and cleaned. In future a park may be built in this place.
What should the residents of the Salarevo Park housing estate do about the landfill
According to the officials of the Moscow mayor's office, all work must be done in 2018. Let's hope that before all the first buildings, all work will be carried out qualitatively and on time.
For our part, we intend, with the consent of the residents of the Salarevo Park Residential Complex, to organize a group of initiative neighbors to monitor the situation around the landfill (Salarevo Landfill). We will create a separate Blog where we will inform all residents about the current situation, preferably with the help of experienced lawyers from among the residents of the complex.
Waste composition at the Salaryevo landfill
The predominant components at the Salarevo landfill are:
- food waste;
- ferrous and non-ferrous metals.
The first place family waste is dominated by food waste - it is about 7 kg per week, the second place paper waste about 3 kg, the third place synthetic materials, this is the most dangerous household waste, about 2.5 kg.
Municipal solid waste (MSW), which is not hazardous to humans, is divided into: paper (cardboard), waste containing wood, metal black and non-ferrous, textiles, glass, rubber and polymeric materials.
Terms and procedure of landfill reclamation Salaryevo
Excerpts from the article, publication date 24.08.2018
The third stage of reclamation is being carried out by PJSC "PIK Group of Companies" on an investment basis. According to the current information received from PIK Group of Companies, the following terms of the final reclamation of the Salarevo landfill are planned:
|№||Stages of reclamation||Timing|
|1||Start of construction and installation work||Q3 2018|
|2||Duration of construction and installation work||Q3 2019 (1 year)|
|3||Monitoring the condition of the drainage system, leachate leaks, soil erosion||During construction and within 1 year after completion of the 3rd stage of reclamation|
|4||Obtaining a Rospotrebnadzor opinion on reducing the sanitary protection zone of the Salarsvo landfill in connection with the completion of the 3rd stage of reclamation||2nd quarter of 2020|
Chemical waste landfill "Krasny Bor"
This landfill near St. Petersburg in Russia is notorious for dumping chemical waste. A pit dug in a layer of Cambrian clay collects toxic waste containing lead, arsenic and mercury. During heavy rains, the pit overflows with water, which flows out in rivers. Toxic waste flows into the Neva and the Baltic Sea. Western environmentalists have raised the alarm about this, as the environmental balance is upset not only in Russia, but also in the neighboring Baltic and Scandinavian countries.
Igumnovsky landfill for solid household waste
The largest landfill in Russia is located at the Igumnov landfill in the Nizhny Novgorod region. Huge areas of fertile land are littered with rotting waste, which decays in the open air and attracts rats, mice, and other disease carriers. Over 20 years, the layers of garbage slowly smolder, the smokiness of surrounding areas becomes an additional factor of ecological disaster.
Officially, the garbage dump has stopped its work, but environmental organizations testify that illegal garbage deliveries continue on weekends. The situation has become threatening, as the fire could spread to nearby residential areas.
Spontaneous dump in the center of Uryupinsk
The city of Uryupinsk in the Volgograd region of Russia has attracted the attention of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment by an unauthorized landfill, the territory of which was to be temporarily used until 2013. The planned organization of the landfill and waste transfer station failed, resulting in the city suffocating from decaying waste.
The mayor of Uryupinsk was summoned to the capital to explain the situation, and the Green Alliance Party of Russia awarded him a symbolic anti-Prism "Axe Stake.
Kulakovsky landfill in the Moscow region
The Kulakovo landfill in the Moscow region of Russia near the village of Manushkino has turned into a real dump. The landfill has an area of 10 hectares and has been operating for 60 years. At the moment its operation has stopped, but the legal entities that operated the facility are in no hurry to invest in its restructuring. They say that the illegal dumping continues, and the garbage mountains keep growing.
Solid waste dump near Saratov
Thanks to the inaction of the local authorities, the dump near Saratov in the Mahanny ravine has grown to catastrophic proportions. Metal and construction waste, household garbage, glass waste are dumped there. The Regional Committee for the Protection of Natural Resources has sent a statement to the prosecutor's office about the environmental damage, which amounted to 100 million rubles.
Illegal dump in Parfino district of Novgorod region
In 3 km from the village of Parfino in the Novgorod region of Russia, an unauthorized waste dump was found, which contained 6 thousand cubic meters of waste economic and industrial activities. As a result, the natural environment was damaged 40 million rubles.
Chemical waste dump in Berezovsky district of Sverdlovsk region
Near the village of Stanovaya, environmentalists used aerial photography to identify an illegal garbage dump. The pit stored waste oil products in plastic barrels, abrasive powder in bags, and construction waste. Several kilometers from the storage of toxic waste is a water intake station, which provides the region with drinking water. The situation poses a direct threat to the health and lives of local residents.
Landfill in the village of Shushary
The settlement of Shushary in the Leningrad region of Russia has become a dumping ground for construction waste. The dump was discovered by environmentalists in 2013 and caused damage to the environment. Construction waste, which is generated by the demolition of old buildings, is being dumped in this region en masse and will upset the balance of the ecosystem.
The garbage dump near Yekaterinburg in Russia, located in a wooded area, has been operating since 1960. Its resources have been exhausted, so its operation has officially ceased. But the illegal dumping of waste continues, and residents of the surrounding areas complain about the suffocating smell and the difficult environmental situation.
The problems of landfills have become so acute that it makes the people of Russia think about changing their lifestyle and mindset. Environmental protection has become crucial to human survival. Successful recycling can stimulate the growth of the recycling industry and help overcome the problem of employment.